2021-11-20 04:13:59 来源：王乎
China’s main grain crops are rice, wheat, corn, soybeans and tuber crops. Paddy rice is the major grain crop in China, grown mainly in the Yangtze River valley and southern China, and on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. Its output accounts for two-fifths of the total grain output. The output of wheat accounts for slightly more than one fifth of the total output of grain; it is planted throughout China but mainly on the North China Plain. The output of corn, grown in the provinces of northeastern, northern and southwestern China, accounts for one fourth of the total grain output. Soybeans are grown on the Northeast China Plain and the plains along the Yellow and Huaihe rivers. Sweet potatoes are grown widely in China, but mainly in the Pearl River valley, along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the lower reaches of the Yellow River and in the Sichuan Basin.
Cash crops include cotton, peanuts, rape, sesame, sugarcane, tea, tobacco, mulberry and fruit.
Before the introduction of the reform and opening, the outputs of freshwater and saltwater fish, relying on natural rivers, lakes and fisheries near the sea, were low. But since 1978, China has stressed artificial aquatic products breeding and at the same time devoted great efforts to developing deep-sea fishing. As a result, the output of aquatic products has risen greatly, increasing by two million tons, on average, every year. Now, more than 20 deep-sea fishing companies have been set up in China, and wholly Chinese-owned and Chinese-foreign joint enterprises have also been established abroad engaging in this business. Agriculture and rural activities are important in China for many reasons. First, farming provides the food and fiber needed for the sustenance of China's people. At the same time, nearly 65 percent of the people depend on agriculture or other rural economic activities for their livelihood. Second, agriculture has always provided the means of employment for most new workers entering the labor force. With between 12 and 16 million new workers entering the labor force annually since the 1980s, agriculture must continue to absorb tremendous numbers of new workers while continuing to find ways to use these workers productively. Finally, the agricultural sector has been an important source of investment money. If, through hard work, good management, and the application of sound, scientific farming, Chinese agriculture can be more productive, capital surpluses can be created and invested in other sectors of the economy, which could accelerate the rate of economic growth and ultimately benefit all of China's people.
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